The first international civil rights case against a sovereign foreign country ever to reach trial in the United States. The case concerned claims for torture and improperly taking the plaintiff’s property in violation of international law. The case went to the United States Supreme Court and twice to the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, resulting in a published opinion that is cited today in international law casebooks. (Siderman de Blake v. Republic of Argentina, 965 F.2d. 699 (9th Cir. 1992).)